Is it possible to have a shower without a cabin?
There is no necessity to spend money onto the shower cabin, you can easily replace it by the tray and enclosure (the traditional curtain is less comfortable). But there also is no necessity in having a tray, if the drain is done right in the floor. In this case the floor in the shower zone should be done on the down grade. The drain also means, that there must be some drainage canal. Unfortunately, because the pipes, that carry water away, will be hidden under the floor, its level will rise up to 10-15 cm. Besides the ceiling will become lower, there also will be the difference in elevation on the sill.
The piece of advice: Seeking the additional place for the shower cabin or unit, the standard bath can be replaced by the hip-bath. The standard sizes of the hip baths are 100х70 and 120х70 cm. There also exist different corner variants. The minimum dimension of a wall in the shower cabin is 70 cm.
How to place a bathroom in a room
Can you move a bathroom into the room?
As long as it is done within the limits of the wet zones, the law is not violated. It is banned to move the toilet into a room in a city apartment. Existing “Construction rules and regulations” do not allow removing it from the riser at a distance of more than 1.5 m. In addition, the law prohibits to organize bathrooms within the living space, if the apartment is not located on the first floor (no one lives downstairs), in the basement or on the first floor of a two-level apartment. It is prohibited reasonably, because living rooms are not fully waterproof: any serious leakage will appear at your neighbors.
If there are no formal obstacles for combination, ask the plumber about mechanical system of canalization. There the sanitary pump (sololift) for living waste disposal is used.
Most often it is located behind the tank, sometimes – right in it. The pump is equipped with a reducer, so the waste comes out through a small diameter pipe (from 18 mm) without any problems. This pipe is easy to hide, for example, with the help of plasterboard. The mechanical system of canalization does not require gradient, the pump allows to dispose waste even vertically (approximately 5 m), which is especially important for the basements, not equipped with canalization. This ability allows you to mount the pipe even under the false ceiling.
On a horizontal plane the mechanical canalization can dispose waste on 100 m distance. However, the water for waste removal should not be too hot (usually no more than 50 degrees.) – otherwise the device will be broken. Although there are heat-resistant models, designed for draining in washing machines and shower units.
The main disadvantage of the pump is its’ dependence on electrical grids. If the electricity is turned off often, maybe it makes sense to stay at a gravity drain system.
Tip: Buying a sololift, pay attention to the diameter of the inlet pipe: it should match the diameter of the toilet drain.
How to hide pipes in the wall
Is it necessary to hide pipes in the wall in bathroom ?
Hiding pipes (including risers) in trenches is not recommended. House settling can last for decades, depending on the soil. It means that the pipe can leak at any moment, and you will not know it at once. The joints of the walls in panel buildings are especially dangerous from this point of view. If a short section of a pipe is sunk into the soft gypsum plaster, there is nothing to be afraid of.
Relax! There is no need to buy and set one and all filters; the better strategy is to make an expert evaluation of hot and cold water (and in future to rectify the shortcomings purposefully, removing excess chlorine, iron, salts or solids). You can simply ask the plumber to advice a filter that will soften water for household appliances or dechlorinate it for shower better.
The filters have to be cleaned and replaces regularly, according to the instructions. Instead, appliances, mixers and injectors for jakuzzi with filters will serve twice as long, and water will be safe to drink.
Can we hide a toilet tank?
Toilet bowls with built-in installation occupy no less space than usual toilet bowls. The thickness of installation is at least 12 cm without casing. It is rather an aesthetically more successful model. You can save space with the help of a ceiling-high trunking wall. Not only flush toilet system, but also a flat water boiler or a wardrobe can be hidden behind it. As a result, the entire area of the wall will be used.
Tip: When choosing a toilet with a built-in installation for a small bathroom, it is better to decide on a suspension model than on an add-on one, it will be much easier to mop the floor under it.
Who should change the heating radiators?
The situation with the standpipes is quite clear, but what should be done with heating implements? the heating system, consisting of standpipes and heating units (radiators) as a component of common property of owners in an apartment building.
This explains the necessity of coordination of any action during repair and radiator changing with managing company. Moreover, there is another one concept of heat balance of the building (the system within one building is the same), so in each apartment should be not only a concrete number of radiators, but also sections, to avoid the imbalance. Managing company should bear the responsibility for all this.
But there is also the Paragraph 1 of the Article 290 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, which states, that: Common Elements of the building, supporting frameworks of the building, mechanical, electrical, sanitary equipment, etc. outside of the apartment, and inside it, which provide services for more than one flat, belong as common share ownership to the owners of the flats in apartment buildings. The radiators operate only for our apartment that is why they are not in common ownership.
But that is not all. The resolution of the Supreme Court of the Russian The heating units of the system (radiators), that are located in the apartment and are equipped with the cut-off devices located on the tapped parts from the standpipes of the heating system, and that operate for only one apartment, can be demounted by the owner after the receiving of the permission for the reconstruction of the living room spaces, which can be done according to established procedure. That means that if your radiators have no water stops, and are directly welded to the standpipe, they are considered to be the part of common ownership, and you have a right to insist on their replacement by managing company. Of course, on the condition, that they are out of order (if they are plugged or leaking).